Augmented Modality Exclusivity Norms for Concrete and Abstract Italian Property Words


Journal of Cognition


July, 2019


Piermatteo Morucci, Roberto Bottini and Davide Crepaldi

We developed a new set of modality exclusivity norms for 643 Italian concrete and abstract words. In addition to sensory scores for each perceptual modality, we calculated Maximum Perceptual Strength, Modality Exclusivity, Summed Perceptual Strengths, Dominant Modality and Entropy. We augmented the database with corpus-based (Zipf Frequency, Contextual Diversity, Orthographic Neighbourhood Size, OLD20, Length in Letters) and rating-based covariates (Familiarity, Age of Acquisition, Context Availability) that are known to influence word processing. We performed split-half correlations to confirm the reliability of our norms and explored their correlational structure.

All data, stimuli and analysis code behind this paper are available at: A pre-print is also available at